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Which are the most common scams on the Internet?

cybercrime

Know the most frequent scams on the internet and what to do if it is too late

Internet gives us innumerable advantages and opportunities, however, sometimes we can find situations that we do not expect, such as, for example, being the victim of different online scams.

The best defense against these situations is to know the way the scammers act to stop them.

These are the most common scams on the internet:

Phishing:

phishing

 

One of the most used techniques by cybercriminals. Consists of sending emails that appear to come from reliable entities such as banks, public bodies or any company that we are customers to obtain confidential user data. They usually request that we validate or confirm the data of an account, suggesting that there is a probl

em and that therefore we must provide this information to solve it.

Tips to avoid phishing:

– Check if the mail has spelling errors, if there are unusual terms or if it is written in another language, if there is no signature at the end with the co

ntact information … Phrases such as “estimated clite” or “vuenos días” are not good sign.

– Take into account that financial entities do not request their clients to verify their data through email.

– Do not click on a link in an email that is doubtful.

Pharming:

It is a similar practice in which the scammers will redirect the victims to a false web page, apparently identical, but which in fact has been created by the attacker to obtain user data, usually banking data.

Tips to avoid pharming:

– Check the URL of the website. In many cases, the web address may seem legitimate but the URL may be misspelled or the domain may be different (for example .com when it should be .gov)

– Check that the URL has changed to “https”. The “s” is “safe”, which means that the website is legitimate.

Fraudulent shopping websites:

According to some statistics, almost 60% of users in Spain make an online purchase a week. This means that digital commerce is booming, and this is well known to cybercriminals, who create shopping websites with succulent offers. Buyers often do not receive the products they have purchased or receive extra charges on their credit cards.

These usually appear at times of the year when more purchases are made through the internet. Sale, Christmas and holidays.

Tips to avoid this type of fraud:

– Check the information of the company such as address, VAT number, registered office, etc.

– Distrust if products or services are offered at excessively low prices.

– Always look for comments or references on the web elsewhere on the Net. It is advisable to check the internet and ask for the store in order to take it into account in case of finding possible complaints or negative comments.

Deceptive banners:

Some cybercriminals use these advertising media to perform scams on a large scale. It is very common in web pages of music downloads or movies.

These deceptions are aimed at users who do not have much browsing experience. It consists of simulating an offer in which you have to click. The links that are advertised are not true and, although it usually puts “publicity”, it is evident that it tries to deceive the Internet user who does not notice well. Next, a phone number will be requested to download the offer. At that time, what it really does is to subscribe to a Premium account that will be included in the monthly invoice without prior notice.

Tips to avoid it:

– Do not register the data in any web page.

– Check if the mouse pointer changes state or not when moving through the banner that supposedly is a download link to another page as shown in the following link: Press here

Fine for illegal downloads:

It is one of the most recent scams. It consists of receiving an email supposedly sent by the police in which the payment of a fine is required for illegal downloading of content. It may also be that the fine in question is for violation of content protected by copyright or access to pornographic content. Normally this sent mail includes a virus that blocks the computer.

Tips to avoid falling into deception:

– Remember that neither the police nor the Spanish Agency for Data Protection (AEPD) will demand the payment of fines through the Internet.

– Restart the computer and, before the system boots, mark F8, use the security mode, update the antivirus, the browser and the operating system.

– Go to Oficina de Seguridad del Internauta (OSI)

And if in spite of everything you fell into deception …

– Perform a digital forensic analysis with R3 CyberSecurity to have the possibility of:

– Determine the authorship of said attack or access.

– Recover files and deleted information (even after formatting and system reinstallations).

– Obtain the necessary digital evidence to present as evidence before possible legal actions.

 

– Report to the Civil Guard or Police.

 

Remember that you can file the complaint online at: Press here

 

If you previously want to inform yourself, you can call the 24-hour alert service of the DGP for technological alarms (computer crimes or information systems). Its objective is to provide a point of police contact that allows a quick and effective reaction in the investigation and in the prevention of consequences 91 582 29 000.

Or you can also send an email to delitos.tecnologicos@policia.es

– Notify the responsible

If the fraud is related to a specific website, company or organization, it is convenient to contact them to take the appropriate measures

– Make a massive communication to family, friends and contacts